Dental Implant Abutment

Dental implant abutment is an equipment material used when making dental implants. It is used in many clinics to adapt the implant to the teeth in a shorter time. Choosing the implant support for each individual patient case is an important part of the implant-prosthesis treatment phase. Long-term clinical studies on fixed implant-assisted reconstructions show low rates of technical complications related to the support itself. Choice of support in aesthetic areas: Implant supports are located in a transition zone where they are in contact with the implant and the surrounding tissues around the implant.

For this reason, the choice of support is very important, especially in a sensitive area such as the aesthetic region. Zirconium dioxide rests are indicated for single-unit reconstructions, and they may be standard or customized depending on the prosthetic position of the implant. In terms of dental implant abutment, multi-member reconstructions, zirconium dioxide abutments are recommended for cemented bridges and gold titanium abutments for screw bridges.

The most important feature of these supports is that the teeth are left to heal in a more stable and durable way. It may be necessary to make a support for the implants to keep them in the mouth. After a detailed examination by the dentist, it will be decided whether a dental implant abutment is necessary. In addition, thanks to these supports, the tooth structure stands in a harmonious way.

What is a Dental Implant Abutment?

There are different biomaterials available for dental implant abutment. It is used for abutments to customize the exit profile and tailor the mucosa around the implant with soft tissue shaping, especially to support transients in bone-level type implants. The preferred materials in terms of abutments for recent restorations are ceramics based on titanium, gold, zirconium dioxide and aluminum oxide. Titanium and zirconium dioxide will be discussed in this article about clinical and histological performance.

Titanium is the preferred biomaterial for its long service life and well-documented behavior under functional loading for both soft and hard tissues. It has excellent biocompatibility and mechanical strength, and is resistant to corrosion. Therefore, it is the preferred fulcrum material in the posterior regions.After implant treatment, it is very important to pay attention to oral hygiene. In addition to routine tooth brushing, cleaning of the implant-applied area should be ensured by using special ropes, interface brushes and mouth showers recommended by the physician. Dental implant abutment has many different types.

Types of Dental Implant Abutment

Dental implant abutment is applied by dentists in different shapes and designs.

  • Implant rests can be standard or customized.If the implant is being placed in an ideal prosthetic position, the use of a standard support is indicated. The advantages of standard bases are efficient use of time in terms of general treatment and thus shortening the technical production time. Deviations between the implants supporting multi-member prostheses can be corrected with ang Decked standard rests. -It is important that the cuff height of the pre-manufactured support in the aesthetic area is not homogeneous 360 degrees, because the interproximal position of the crown edge will be placed too far submucosally. Therefore, the ideal design of a standard fulcrum should be similar to a dental preparation and follow the gingival margin contour. There are clinical limitations related to the position of the implant in the vertical dimension.
  • If the dental implant abutment is placed too far into the apical, standard abutments are not indicated, especially for screw reconstructions, because they do not provide sufficient support for the ceramic coating.


Features of Dental Implant Abutment

  • In the case of using a bone-level implant, it is also possible to customize the exit profile of the final restoration and the future crown margin position individually. This makes it possible to design the abutments in such a way as to provide optimal support to the coating ceramic material, especially for screw-supported reconstructions.
  • Traditional cast gold supports can be used for screwed and cemented single crowns and bridges, and they can be used for implants placed at the soft tissue or bone level. Its advantages are that screw retention is facilitated by bridges. However, the disadvantages are that gold abutments are sensitive to technique, require more time and production costs are higher.
  • Someone who is healthy enough to undergo a dental implant abutment, a routine tooth extraction, or oral surgery may often be considered suitable for a dental implant. It is necessary to have enough bones and healthy gums. Patients should commit to paying attention to oral hygiene after implant and visit dentists regularly.

Advantages of Dental Implant Abutment

Dental implant abutment has many advantages.

  • Dental implants look like your own teeth and create a natural dental feeling for you. Moreover, they are permanent because they are designed to fuse with bone.
  • To elaborate a little more, when it comes to the look and feel, the only difference between dental implants and real teeth is that there are no real teeth Decals.
  • In case of unsuitable dentures, the teeth may slip in the mouth and cause incorrect pronunciation. Dental implants allow you to speak without worrying that the teeth may slip.
  • The roots of your teeth are attached to your jaw like the root of a tree. When you lose a tooth, a gap remains where the root is located, and these roots are reconstructed with the implant application.
  • Traditional dentures often slip and make it difficult for you to enjoy chewing. Dental implants function like your natural teeth and allow you to enjoy eating your favorite foods without feeling any extra effort or pain. It allows for better bite force than a person with traditional false teeth.
  • Dental implants can give your smile back and help you feel better about yourself. Dental implant abutment allows the teeth to stand stronger.

The dental Implant abutment ensures that the implant is also successful. Therefore, we can say that these are the achievements of the implant support. The recommendations given by the dentist should be followed during the implant procedure. Abutments are very important for teeth. If both hygiene and other conditions are taken into account, improvement is achieved in a short time.


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